About our research

The research of the Center for Legal Informatics is continuously developed so that we can contribute to shaping digital development and ensure that it will be to the benefit of citizens and society. Digital and technological development has changed the demands on law and on the way lawyers work, and new technologies bring fundamental legal and ethical problems into play.

Simultaneously, digitalisation creates new research and challenges existing research.

Current research projects of the centre are:


Digital Disruption in the Legal Services Industry

René is a professor of civil law and commercial law at the Department of Law and has specialized in company law, the law of sales and consumer law. 

His research focuses on international commercial sales of goods, particularly defects, and how sources of law interpret, amend and supplement uniform rules (CISG, the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods).

René is the initiator of a cooperation with the Department of Business Development and Technology (Aarhus University, Herning).

Digital Health

Kalpana Tyagi is a postdoc at CREDI.

She holds an LLB degree in law from the Faculty of Law, University of Delhi (2008) and an LLM degree (2009).

In 2012 she graduated as European Master in Law & Economics from the universities in Bologna, Ghent and Hamburg and then was enrolled as a PhD fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in Munich.

In November 2018 she defended her PhD thesis titled 'Promoting ”Competition in Innovation” through Effective Merger Control in the ICT Sector – A Comparative and Interdisciplinary Study’.

Kalpana's research focuses on competition and innovation, convergence in the telecommunications sector, and sustainable development. The purpose of her research is to demonstrate how information and communications technology can contribute to sustainable development.

Public administration and data protection law

Thea researches into data protection law, particularly law relating to public administration. 

Smart contracts and blockchain technology

Peter Istrup researches into smart contracts and blockchain technology, focusing particularly on the interplay with Danish law on property and obligations.

Autonomous vehicles

Carsten Willemoes Jørgensen, Associate Professor and PhD in tax law and commercial law, researches into and teaches customs law, EU law and transport law. 

Carsten is working on a project regarding legal challenges in the field of autonomous vehicles. Self-driving vehicles are controlled by algorithms - in other words a sort of artificial intelligence which, in part or fully, takes over the driver's decision-making power during transport. The fact that algorithms make decisions instead of human beings raises a number of legal questions, particularly who will be liable for potential damage. The project will result in one or more articles.


Susanne Karstoft is a professor in the law of property and obligations. She researches into and teaches contract law, the law of sales, consumer law, and information technology law, including internet law.

Her research primarily focuses on the law of e-commerce, including the law governing consumer transactions, and on the implementation of the 2nd EU Directive on payment services in the internal market into Danish law on payments.

Digital models in construction law

Torsten Iversen, who is a professor of the law of obligations, researches into and teaches the law of obligations, including contract law and construction law. 

Torsten is working on a scientific description and analysis of the legal implications associated with the use of digital models on issues related to construction law. The output will be part of the 2nd edition of the book 'Entrepriseretten' (2018) and might also be published as an article.

Torsten Iversen

!!Institutleder, Professor

Implications of digitalisation on access to justice in Danish administrative appeal bodies

Ellen Margrethe Basse is a professor of environmental law.

Apart from her research and teaching of environmental law, she is the organiser of and responsible for various PhD courses under the Danish Legal Research Education Programme (JurForsk) - in 2018, for example, the course 'Proactive and responsible legal approaches to digitalisation - legal challenges and theories'.

Ellen Margrethe researches into the impact of digitalisation on the environment. In the context of CREDI, she will work on the project 'Digitaliseringens betydning for rekursbehandlingen på miljøområdet', which will examine the  consequences of the use of digitalisation-ready environmental legislation on the procedural rights of the public/public concerned – with a special focus on the implications of the digitalisation on access to justice in Danish administrative appeal bodies. The project output will be an article and will also be part of a book.

Digital technology and labour law

Natalie Videbæk Munkholm, who is an associate professor of jurisprudence with particular focus on labour law, researches into and teaches industrial relations law, employment law, EU labour law, etc.

Natalie will focus on two areas of labour law, where well-known concepts and assumptions relating to labour law are challenged, partly as increased digitalisation means that employees and employers to a much higher extent can be physically placed in different countries and legal systems, partly because increased use of digital technology provides new possibilities of gathering information about employees. Employees may be monitored both in and outside the workplace by means of logging, monitoring through cameras or sound, surveillance of emails and SMS, or their conduct in digital space may be monitored. The output of this work will, among other things, be an article in English and an article in Danish.

Digitalisation and legal protection of ecosystems

Lærke’s PhD project researches into the legal protection of ecosystems  in relation to agriculture, focusing on socio-ecological resilience of agriculture. Big data play a decisive role in designing regulation which can efficiently protect nature and environment and create resilience in agricultural systems. In this context, it is important that such regulation incorporates new knowledge created from environmental data. When it comes to regulation of agriculture, digitalisation is already now a reality.  Animal production must be approved in a digital decision support system based on digital maps of Denmark. The regulation of nitrogen and phosphorus is based on constituent digital maps marking phosphorus-sensitive lakes, nitrate-sensitive Natura 2000 areas, etc. For example, targeted nitrogen regulation is based on a map which demarcates 3,000 so-called ID15 catchments for the purposes of tailoring efforts to the sensitivity of the individual area.

In agricultural industry, digitalisation gains ground in the shape of intelligent drones and tractors which map the fields and collect data on weeds, vermin, fungal diseases, etc. This allows for the development of precision farming, where fertilizers and pesticides can be reduced by focusing attention on areas where needs arise. Digitalisation of agriculture is considered a positive development with many options, but at the same time focus needs to be on legal issues that may arise, such as ownership of data and data protection.

Digitalisation is extremely important for whether the legal protection of ecosystems supports resilience of the socio-ecological system of agriculture. Digital surveillance and collection of data are decisive in creating knowledge so that regulation is based on knowledge available, for the purposes of ensuring a high level of environmental protection. Digitalisation of the legal basis and the implementation of rules and constituent digital maps require focus on the principles of administrative law and protection of the legal rights of citizens and companies.

Digitalisation and the need for legal aid

Bettina Lemann Kristiansen is a professor of sociology of law. A primary focus for her research is access to justice and legal aid.

Bettina presently works on a study of legal aid and digitalisation, focusing particularly on the extensive digitalisation of public administration and its importance for individual citizens and their need for legal aid. The output of the project will be publications based on the empirical study.